The Initial Public Offering (IPO) of Saudi Aramco has been presented as the central element of Vision 2030, the ambitious economic diversification strategy unveiled by Prince Mohammed Ben Salmane (MBS) in January 2016, when oil prices reached a historical low of $ 29 per barrel. The prospects had suddenly darkened for Saudi Arabia and it… Read More What is Saudi Aramco really worth ?
Une analyse financière, économique et géopolitique des enjeux associés à l’introduction en bourse de Saudi Aramco, la plus grande compagnie pétrolière nationale au monde. … Read More Que vaut vraiment Saudi Aramco et quels sont les enjeux associés à son IPO ?
Over the past few years, the African continent has relaunched its efforts of integration, through the reform of the African Union and the launch of the AfCFTA. By 2050 the population of Africa will have doubled. By relying on its increasingly well-educated youth, it could release its extraordinary economic potential. This transformation represents an historic opportunity for binding the African and European continents to each other, something that Robert Schuman wished for several decades ago. To achieve this, it is fundamental to articulate the North-South and South-South cooperation logics in order to encourage the emergence of an economic ecosystem that is both integrated and modular. Morocco’s experience is edifying in this respect. The new European executive, after the May 2019 elections, should make integration with Africa a strategic priority. This is not only a stake for the future. It is an existential imperative for Europe, at a time when security and migration threats are intensifying. It is particularly true if Europe want to continue to have an impact in the world, when faced with giants such as China and the United States.… Read More Towards a renewed partnership between the European Union and Africa
“Le débat entre protectionnisme et libéralisme n’est qu’une feuille de vigne pudique posée sur des confrontations politiques et géopolitiques autrement plus féroces, dans le cadre d’une course pour le leadership mondial”. “Laissez faire!”, disaient les chantres du libéralisme au XIXème siècle. En réalité, la seule nation qui pratiquait, à cette époque, un libéralisme directement inspiré… Read More Le nouveau protectionnisme sonne-t-il la défaite du capitalisme libéral?
Public statements made by the leaders of Canada, Mexico, the UK, France, Germany, and other EU countries, to protest against Donald Trump’s decision imposing tariffs on aluminium and steel imported to the United States from these countries were predictable. As are the retaliatory measures envisaged by these countries. But this has not prevented the Trump… Read More Donald J. Trump and the return of strategic trade policy